MD, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
St George’s University of London
Basal ganglia and thalami are paired deep gray matter structures that may be involved by a wide variety of disease entities. These are classified in subgroups of neoplastic (lymphoma, glioma), infective (encephalitis), ischemic (hypoxia, venous infarction, basilar tip infarction), neurodegenerative (Wilson, Huntington), toxic disorders (Carbon monoxide and methanol intoxication and hypoglycemia). The imaging findings of the mentioned sub groups are varied and early detection and diagnosis are essential in preventing complications. We have gathered cases from the last 5 years in our department and will explain the clinical findings of each in this paper.