Fetal Veins at the Cardiac Level (SC, IVC, PVs, Azygos, CS, Brachiocephalic Veins)


MD, ISR Board, Obstetric Committee of ISR



Venous anomalies are one of the important anomalies that are less noticed in echocardiography of the fetal heart. Familiarity of radiologists with these anomalies, which include anomalies of systemic and pulmonary veins, helps a lot to improve the quality of fetal echocardiography and to give better care for pregnant women. In this scientific program, we intend to have a brief description of the anatomy of systemic and pulmonary veins and describe their anomalies.