Kashan University of Medical Sciences
With every new strain of the SARS-Cov-2 spreading at a fast pace across the borders, an easy-to-calculate and reliable scoring system seems invaluable to identify high-risk patients.
This study aims to investigate the relationship between CT severity score (CTSS) and CURB-65 score with mortality in COVID-19 patients.
This study was conducted on RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients admitted to a tertiary teaching center during the fifth national wave of disease in one of the early disease epicenters in the country. All enrolled patients underwent chest CT Scan within the first day of admission. CTSS and CURB-65 scores were calculated and assigned to patients, while radiologist was blinded to clinical and laboratory findings, and they were evaluated for their correlation with in-hospital mortality, additively and separately.
Total number of 216 patients (140 Males) with a mean age of 56.02 ± 17.34 years (ranging from 4 to 95) were enrolled. We found no significant relationship between CURB-65 score and CTSS (correlation coefficient: 0.065; P: 0.338). CURB-65 score above 1 was predictive of in-hospital mortality with a sensitivity of 56.4% and specificity of 81.9% (P: 0), those for CTSS above 11 were 79.5% and 4 51.5%, respectively (P: 0.001). CURB-65 score >1 and CTSS >11 predicted in-hospital mortality with sensitivity and specificity of 61.5% and 79.7% (P: 0.000). CURB-65 score and CTSS had a higher sensitivity and specificity to predict mortality compared to each of those separately, but these enhanced statistics were not significant.
CURB-65 score is meaningfully stronger than CTSS to prognosticate in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19, and it is not significantly correlated with CTSS.