AN ASSESSMENT OF RADIATION EXPOSURE DOSES IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING PRIMARY PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION BASED ON ANGIOGRAPHIC RECORDS

Author

AboAliSina Hospital

10.22034/icrj.2019.100894

Abstract

Abstract
The stochastic and non-stochastic (deterministic) effects of radiation dose in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) have been investigated using data recorded by an angiographic monitoring system. A total of 132 patients with acute myocardial  infarction  referred to the angiography department of Vali-Asr hospital, Fasa, Iran, during the second half of 2016 were recruited. Quantities like dose–area product (DAP), total air kerma (Ka,r) and fluoroscopy time (FT) were calculated and converted into effective dose (ED) and peak skin dose (PSD). The values for Ka,r, DAP and FT equaled 80 399.20 ± 63 312 mGy cm2,
1392.80 ± 1155.373 mGy and 524.11 ± 423.057 s,
respectively, which were within the ranges reported in previous studies. After considering standard dose thresholds for Ka,r and PSD, it was revealed that only a small portion of patients had reached these thresholds and exceeded them (<3%). Moreover, ED < 20 mSv for the majority of patients was fairly consistent with results from a recent research in eight Belgian hospitals. It was shown that angiographic records are reliable for assessing radiation dose in patients.